Stands for “Passive Optical Network.” A PON is a telecommunications network that transmits knowledge over fiber optic traces. It is “passive” because it makes use of unpowered splitters to route knowledge despatched from a central location to a number of locations.

PONs are utilized by ISPs and NSPs as an economical method to supply Internet entry for purchasers. Since a PON is point-to-multipoint (P2MP) system, it offers a more environment friendly approach to transmit knowledge than a point-to-point network. The major transmission line can break up off into 32 separate traces, which requires far much less infrastructure than constructing direct traces to every vacation spot.

The central location of a PON can also be referred to as the optical line terminal (OLT), whereas the person locations are referred to as optical network items (ONUs). Lines that terminate exterior buildings are referred to as fiber-to-the-neighborhood (FTTH) or fiber-to-the-curb (FTTC). Lines that stretch all the way in which to buildings are referred to as fiber-to-the-building (FTTB), or fiber-to-the-home (FTTH).

While all PONs use optical cables and unpowered splitters, there are a number of completely different variations. Below is a listing of various kinds of PONs.

  1. APON – an early implementation (from the mid-Nineteen Nineties) that makes use of asynchronous switch mode (ATM) to switch knowledge
  2. BPON – the primary “broadband” PON that helps knowledge switch charges of 622 Mbps, the identical pace as an OC-12 (STM-4) line
  3. GPON – a “gigabit-capable PON” that helps 2.488 Gbps downstream and 1.244 Gbps upstream; additionally referred to as the ITU G.984 commonplace
  4. EPON – the preferred PON implementation; transmits knowledge as Ethernet frames at as much as 10 Gbps downstream and upstream; also referred to as GEPON or the IEEE 802.3 commonplace

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