Stands for “Domain Name System.”

Domain names function memorizable names for web sites and different companies on the Internet. However, computer systems entry Internet gadgets by their IP addresses. DNS interprets domains into IP addresses, permitting you to entry an Internet location by its domain identify.

Thanks to DNS, you possibly can go to a web site by typing within the domain identify reasonably than the IP tackle. For instance, to go to the Tech Terms Computer Dictionary, you possibly can merely kind “thowtofixissue.com” within the tackle bar of your net browser reasonably than the IP tackle ( It additionally simplifies electronic mail addresses, since DNS interprets the domain identify (following the “@” image) to the suitable IP tackle.

To perceive how DNS works, you possibly can consider it just like the contacts app in your smartphone. When you name a pal, you merely choose his or her identify from an inventory. The cellphone doesn’t truly name the particular person by identify, it calls the particular person’s cellphone quantity. DNS works the identical method by associating a singular IP tackle with every domain identify.

Unlike your tackle guide, the DNS translation desk isn’t saved in a single location. Instead, the information is saved on thousands and thousands of servers all over the world. When a site identify is registered, it have to be assigned not less than two nameservers (which will be edited by the domain identify registrar at any time). The nameserver addresses level to a server that has a listing of domains and their related IP addresses. When a pc accesses a web site over the Internet, it locates the corresponding nameserver and will get the right IP tackle for the web site.

Since DNS translation creates further overhead when connecting to web sites, ISPs cache DNS information and host the information domestically. Once the IP tackle of a site identify is cached, an ISP can robotically direct subsequent requests to the suitable IP tackle. This works nice till an IP tackle adjustments, by which case the request could also be despatched to the mistaken server or the server won’t reply in any respect. Therefore, DNS caches are up to date often, normally someplace between a couple of hours and some days.

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