Stands for “Hypertext Markup Language.” HTML is the language used to create webpages. “Hypertext” refers back to the hyperlinks that an HTML web page might comprise. “Markup language” refers back to the manner tags are used to outline the web page structure and components inside the web page.

Below is an instance of HTML used to outline a primary webpage with a title and a single paragraph of textual content.

<!doctype html>
<p>This is an instance of a paragraph in HTML.</p>

The first line defines what sort of contents the doc incorporates. “<!doctype html>” means the web page is written in HTML5. Properly formatted HTML pages ought to embody <html>, <head>, and <physique> tags, that are all included within the instance above. The web page title, metadata, and hyperlinks to referenced information are positioned between the <head> tags. The precise contents of the web page go between the <physique> tags.

The internet has gone via many adjustments over the previous few many years, however HTML has all the time been the basic language used to develop webpages. Interestingly, whereas web sites have change into more superior and interactive, HTML has truly gotten less complicated. If you examine the supply of an HTML5 web page with the same web page written in HTML 4.01 or XHTML 1.0, the HTML5 web page would in all probability comprise much less code. This is as a result of trendy HTML depends on cascading fashion sheets or JavaScript to format practically all the weather inside a web page.

NOTE: Many dynamic web sites generate webpages on-the-fly, using a server-side scripting language like PHP or ASP. However, even dynamic pages should be formatted using HTML. Therefore, scripting languages usually generate the HTML that’s despatched to your internet browser.

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